Piknik di candi Prambanan

To the south of Sewu Temple, it is located 16 Km to the east from the city of Yogyakarta or on the north side of the Yogya-Solo road, to be precise, in Karangasem village, Bokoharjo sub-district, Sleman district, Yogyakarta, administratively, Prambanan temple is located on the border between Klaten district (Medium Java) and Sleman district (Yogyakarta).


Prambanan Temple is the largest Hindu temple in Central Java with a height of about 47 m, but like the other temples, Prambanan Temple was rediscovered in a state of collapse and destruction and overgrown with shrubs. This is because its human supporters have abandoned it hundreds of years ago. Administratively, this temple complex is on the border of Central Java and the Special Place of Yogyakarta.


People often call this temple together with the nickname Candi Larajonggrang, a name that is actually incorrect because it should be Rara Jonggrang. The word rara in Javanese is used to refer to girls. In the story, the people of Rara Jonggrang are known as the daughter of Prabhu Ratubaka whose name is immortalized as a nickname for the heritage of the building complex in the Saragedug hills south of Prambanan Temple.

It is told in the story that there is a giant named Bandung Bandawasa. He has supernatural powers and wants to marry Rara Jonggrang’s daughter. For this he had to build a temple with a thousand statues in it in one night.

This request was fulfilled by Bandung Bandawasa, but Rara Jonggrang cheated so that at the time specified the temple had not been completed, there was not enough of a statue to return. Bandung Bandawasa was angry and cursed Rara Jonggrang’s daughter as a complement to the thousandth statue. The statue is believed to be the statue of Durgamahisasuramardhini which is in the north chamber of Shiva Temple. Who knows Durgamahisasuramardhini is Lord Shiva’s wife.

The image of the cluster of temples as mentioned in the Ciwagrha inscription can be compared with the Prambanan temple complex, indeed the cluster of temples whose center is built is surrounded by a circumferential wall and surrounded by rows of ancillary temples arranged in steps just like Prambanan Temple.

Likewise, it is stated that all ancillary temples are similar in shape and size. Another interesting thing is the 2 flanking temples, each near the north and south entrances. Information regarding the group of temples located near the river reminds us of the Prambanan temple group and the Opak river to the west, and if it originates from the break between the Opak river and the Prambanan temple group and there is a diversion of the river genre, it is possible that the diversion occurred between the villages of Kelurak and Bogem.

With that in mind, it seems that the description contained in the Ciwagrha inscription regarding this group of temples is more in line with the situation of the Prambanan temple.


The religious nature of the Hinduistic Prambanan temple can be seen, among other things, from the arrangement of the pantheon or statues and also the story reliefs he has carved. Four of the 6 primary and perwara temples are located on the first page, inside the chambers there are statues.

The Shiva Temple has 4 rooms, the main room facing east containing the statue of Shiva Mahadeva standing on a yoni which is supported by a dragon. The statue of Shiva Mahadeva is the center of worship at Prambanan Temple. The second room on the south side contains a statue of Mahaguru Shiva; the third room on the west side contains a statue of Ganeca (Son of Lord Shiva) which is depicted as an elephant head with a human body.

The fourth room on the north side contains the statue of Durga Mahisasuramardhini, namely the statue of Durga (Cakti / Shiva’s wife) who managed to defeat a giant in the form of Mahisa (Bull). The statue is depicted standing on the back of a bull while his hand is pulling the bull’s tail. This statue is known in folklore as the statue of Rarajonggrang, the daughter of Prabhu Boko9.

The layout of the statues is unusual for Indian temples. There are some experts who argue that the system of gods in the Siwater Temple symbolizes this temporary government structure. Lord Shiva as the primary god describes the ruling king. Lord Shiva Mahaguru symbolizes the monks who become spiritual advisors to the king.

Dewa Ganeca as the god of war symbolizes the power of defense, while Dewa Durga Mahisasuramardhini depicts the king’s consort who always accompanies the king. In the Vishnu temple there is only one booth containing the statue of Lord Vishnu, while the room in the Brahma Temple contains the statue of Lord Brahma. The three primary temples face east and the three temples in front (perwara temples) face west.

In the ancillary temple in the middle (facing the Shiva temple), there is a statue of Nandi, which is the means (= vehicle of Lord Shiva) so that it is also commonly called the Nandi temple. As for the other ancillary temples, because no statues were found in them, they were called Temples A and B.


Too interesting ornamental art in the Pramb Temple complex